Companies in this industry invest capital in new business ventures. Major venture capital firms include Accel Partners, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, New Enterprise Associates, and Sequoia Capital (all based in the US), as well as Amadeus Capital Partners (UK), Globis Capital Partners (Japan), Jerusalem Venture Partners (Israel), and Nexus Venture Partners (India).
The US and Europe are the biggest venture hubs in the world, followed by Asia. China, India, and Israel are growing markets for venture capital. As China's wealth increases, Chinese investment in startups should grow.
The US venture capital industry includes about 900 firms with about $200 billion under management, according to the 2014 National Venture Capital Association Yearbook.
Demand is driven primarily by the pace of technological innovation and the number of companies created to commercialize new technologies. The profitability of individual companies depends on successfully choosing and managing a portfolio of investments. Large firms have advantages in attracting capital, developing expertise in multiple technology markets, and funding large deals. Small companies can compete effectively by concentrating on specific market sectors or geographic areas.
Individual, or angel, investors, and large companies with strategic interests in early-stage companies are also sources of new venture funding.
PRODUCTS, OPERATIONS & TECHNOLOGY
Venture capital companies provide money to young, rapidly growing companies with promising new products or services in exchange for ownership (equity) in the company. Major market sectors for venture capital investments include software; biotechnology; media and entertainment; and...